This article is a stub. You can help Screeps Wiki by editing to add more information.
Target locking is a CPU saving technique where you cache the most optimal target for an object to move to or perform any action on, amortizing the cost of the selection process over a longer period of time.
Usage[edit | edit source]
Target locking can be used for creeps, towers, or any other object that performs an act on another. This target selection process can be expensive (like
findClosestByPath() or deciding which creep to attack with a tower), and especially costly if you perform it each tick to find the target again. On the first target selection, you save the
.id of the target in Memory or the heap, allowing follow on ticks to spend less CPU on a validation check instead of selection.
Implementation Steps[edit | edit source]
Target locking is a reoccurring loop of multiple steps, not including the logic being performed based on the target: Target selection, Target caching, Target recovery, Target validation and if the action is complete or the target is invalidated looping back to Target selection.
Target selection[edit | edit source]
Target selection occurs exactly like prior to implementation of target locking
Target caching[edit | edit source]
Once you have a target selected, cache the identifier in
Memory or on the heap (module scoped variables or in
Target recovery[edit | edit source]
The next, and subsequent ticks, you restore the target object from the cache
Target validation[edit | edit source]
This step is typically less CPU intensive than the initial selection. This is where you would ensure that the target extension still needs to be filled, or if the target of your attack is still alive or not. This step ensures that you do not continue moving towards an invalid target. If the target is invalid, you loop back to target selection.
Pseudo code of implementation[edit | edit source]
IF target already cached // not true on first iteration restore target from cache IF target is not valid find target cache target move towards or perform action based on target